Eco-Friendly Technology Turns Dryer Plush Into Energy Children’s Newspaper

Microfibers lost by synthetic clothes during a laundry cycle are a major contributor to plastic pollution (Credit: Retviews.com)

Clothing made from synthetic materials, such as polyester and nylon, has a lot of positives attributes. It is cheap to produce, lasts a long time, and is comfortable carry. However, the Fabric, made from petroleum, has a major drawback. The little polymer strands – or what we call stuffed toy – which come off textiles with each washing cycle are major contributors to plastic pollution. Today Lithuanian scientists have found a way to recycle textile waste into clean energy.

Dr Samy Yousef, principal investigator at Kaunas University of Technology (KTU), who led the study, said: “Lint microfibers are classified as microplastics. While large plastic items can be sorted and recycled relatively easily, microplastic cannot – tiny pieces of plastic, less than 5mm in diameter. diameter. Large amounts of microplastics are washed up in our sewers and enter our seas, threatening the environment.”

About a third of the ocean’s microplastics are thought to come from washing synthetic clothing (Credit: www.solanacenter.org)

The researchers began by collecting lint from the dryers in the dormitories of the KTU. The international student body has enabled them to obtain a large the diversity of materials. They then used a technical called pyrolysis to transform textile waste into useful energy. The process involves heating the lint without oxygen. This makes the microfibers break down fuel gas and charcoal.

The team, who published their findings in the journal Total environmental science March 25, 2021, revealed that they could extract three energy products – oil, gas and charcoal – from lint. More importantly, around 70 percent of the waste has been converted to energy. Mathematical models performed by the researchers indicate that converting 45 tonnes of microfibers – the amount generated by just one million people per year – could yield 13.8 tons of oil, 21.5 tons of gas and 9.7 tons of charcoal, and generate an overall profit of about $ 120,000.

Simple actions can help reduce your impact on the environment (Credit: www.solanacenter.org)

Dr Yousef even thought of a innovative way to collect household garbage. The researcher says: “I think the collection system, similar to the deposit for beverage containers, could be developed based on our research. A household would bring the fluffy microfiber from the filters of its drying machine to a de compensation for that.”

Although the Technology is encouraging, it will take time to develop and deploy on a large Scale. Plus, if it recycles lint in the dryer, it does nothing to prevent the millions of tons of microfibers that get released with the water during the wash cycle. While we can’t stop doing laundry, there are some simple ways to reduce our environmental impact. Wash synthetic clothes less often, doing full loads and line drying all helps reduce the number of microfibers cottage.

Resources: en.ktu.edu, www.techexplorist.com