The search for the famous polar Explorer Ernest Shackleton’s ship Endurance, which sank in 1915, is finally complete. On March 9, 2022, Endurance22 dispatch the team announced the wreck had been found in the Weddell Sea off the coast of Antarctica.
The 106-year-old vessel is a depth about 10,000 feet. He is only six kilometers from the last place recorded by the captain of Endurance and Navigator, Frank Worsley. The ship is near-perfect condition is explained by the absence of xylophagous marine species organisms in the freezing waters of Antarctica.
“We are outmoded by our luck in locating and capturing Endurance footage,” Mensun Bound, exploration director for the expedition, said in a statement. “This is by far the finest wooden wreck I have have ever seen. It is straight, very proud of the seabed, intact, and in a awesome state of preservation. You can even see ‘Endurance’ arcing across the back.“
Shackleton and his crew of 27 sailed from England aboard the 144ft Endurance in 1914. The ship was headed in a bay in the Weddell Sea – the starting point of Shackleton’s attempt to be the first to cross Antarctica on foot. Unfortunately, things didn’t quite go as planned. At the beginning of January 1915, Endurance was 100 miles from her destination when he got stuck in the thick ice of the Weddell Sea.
Several attempts to free the ship failed and things only got worse as temperatures dropped. At the end of February, the Endurance was solidly installed in the thick ice. the failed the crew spent the next eight months a board the ship, hoping to complete the voyage when the weather improves. However, on November 21, 1915, the massive ship has succumbed heavy pressure ice and sank.
Shackleton and his crew spent the rest of the winter camping on ice pack ice. As soon as the ice began to break up, the men boarded the three lifeboats they had recovered and headed for Elephant Island. the uninhabited the island was inhospitable and far from any sea route. Shackleton knew the only way to save his crew was to get to the whaling station on South Georgia Island.
On April 24, 1916, the brave explorer and a hand-picked crew of five embedded on the perfidious Voyage by open boat 800 miles through the freezing waters of the Southern Ocean. the exhausted the adventurers arrived on the island of South Georgia after 16 days, to face another challenge. Their lifeboat, beaten rough seas, was in no condition to get to the whaling station on the other side of the island.
Shackleton decided to land the boat on the beach and cross the island on foot, a feat who had never been executed before. Since three crew members were unable to make the crossing, he left them behind to retrieve. the hiking through the icy terrain was not easy. But Shackleton and his two crew members persevered and arrived at the whaling station in three days.
Crew members on the other side of the island were rescued the next day. After several unsuccessful attempts, the others dispatch the limbs were eventually recovered from Elephant Island on August 30, 1916. Shackleton never realized his dream of crossing Antarctica on foot. However, the polar explorer ability to survive and ensure the safety of its crew members while failed for nearly two years made him a hero global.
Resources: Nationalgeographic.com, Newscientist.com, endurance22.org