The James Webb (Webb) Space Telescope launched into space on December 25, 2021, with a high expectations. Scientists hoped the $10 billion space observatory would allow them to explore the origins of the Universe, its galaxies, and perhaps even the training of the first stars. The first photos, released by NASA on July 12, 2022, indicate Webb is keeping his promise.
“Each image is a new discovery, and each will give humanity a view of the universe never seen before”, NASA administrator Bill Nelson said before revealing the images to a press conference.
The Deepest Image of the Universe
President Joe Biden unveiled Webb’s first beginning images on July 11, 2022. The image is the deepest view of the Universe captured to date. The large white galaxies are part of the SMACS 0723 cluster, located in the southern hemisphere sky, about 5.12 billion Light years From land. It is the same age as the Sun and the Earth. The pale red galaxies They are thought to have formed 13.5 billion years ago, shortly after the formation of our Universe.
Stephan’s Quintet resides in the Pegasus Constellation, about 290 million light-years from Earth. This understand five closely related galaxies, each with up to 100 billion stars. European Space Agency (ESA) astronomer Giovanna Giardino says the image shows “[four of the galaxies] locked in a kind of cosmic dance led by gravitational strength.” Two of the galaxies appear to be in the treat to merge.
South Ring Nebula
The Southern Ring Nebula is a figure-eight cloud of gas and dust. Located approximately 2,500 light-years from Earth, it is the debris of a massive dying star. Scientists believe that dust particles could one day come together to form new stars or planets. Study his kind of nebula will help researchers better to understand how stars die and are reborn in the cosmos.
WASP-96b is a massive exoplanet located about 1,120 light years from Earth. The principally gaseous planet has about half the mass of Jupiter. WASP-96b orbits so close to its star that a year on the planet equals only 3.4 Earth days. While the image reveals a large amount of water vapor in the planet atmosphereit’s too hot for port life.
The Carina Nebula
Webb’s powerful camera cuts through dense clouds of dust and gas to capture a detailed image of the Carina Nebula. Located about 7,600 light-years from Earth in the south constellation Carina is the most active star training region known to scientists. The best known is Eta Carinae. Valued be 100 times more massive than our Sun, it is perhaps one of the most massive stars in our galaxy.
Resources: NASA.gov, the conversation.com, Live Science.com.